a native of Languedoc; first Protestant (as the son of a Calvinist minister), then Catholic, then sceptic; Professor of Philosophy at Padua, then at Rotterdam, and finally retired to the Boompjes in the latter city; known chiefly as the author of the famous Dictionnaire Historique et Critique, to the composition of which he consecrated his energies with a zeal worthy of a religious devotee, and which became the fountain-head of the sceptical philosophy that flooded France on the eve of the Revolution; pronounced by a competent judge in these matters, a mere "imbroglio of historical, philosophical, and anti-theological marine stores" (1647-1700).

The Nuttall Encyclopaedia. . 1907.

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  • Bayle,Pierre — Bayle (bāl, bĕl), Pierre. 1647 1706. French philosopher and critic. Considered the progenitor of 18th century rationalism, he compiled the famous Dictionnaire historique et critique (1697) and championed the cause of religious tolerance. * * * …   Universalium

  • Bayle, Pierre — born Nov. 18, 1647, Carla le Comte, France died Dec. 28, 1706, Rotterdam, Neth. French philosopher. Educated at a Jesuit school, he converted to Roman Catholicism but later reverted to his original Calvinist faith. His religious views led to his… …   Universalium

  • BAYLE, Pierre — (1647–1706)    Philosopher. Bayle studied theology and philosophy in Toulouse and Geneva and was appointed professor at the Protestantacademy at Sedan in his native country France. After King Louis XIV closed this academy, Bayle, like so many… …   Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands

  • Bayle, Pierre — (1647 1706)    writer, philosopher    Born a Calvinist at Carla Bayle and educated at the jesuit College in Toulouse, Pierre Bayle converted to Roman Catholicism in 1669, but a year later again adopted Protestantism. In 1675, he became professor… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Bayle, Pierre — (1647–1706) French philosopher and sceptic. Born of Protestant parents in the south west of France, Bayle was educated at Toulouse, became Catholic, lapsed, fled to Geneva, and then became professor in the Protestant academy at Sedan in northern… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Bayle, Pierre — See Renaissance philosophy outside Italy …   History of philosophy

  • Bayle, Pierre — ► (1647 1706) Filósofo francés. Su Diccionario histórico y crítico (1697) criticaba las ideas absurdas de su tiempo en materias científicas y religiosas. * * * (18 nov. 1647, Carla le Comte, Francia–28 dic. 1706, Rotterdam, Países Bajos).… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • BAYLE, Pierre — (1647 1706)    French RATIONALIST philosopher whose work inspired many ENLIGHTENMENT thinkers …   Concise dictionary of Religion

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